According to IOM’s April 2016 Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) report, Adamawa State hosts 150,718 IDPs as a result to the Boko Haram insurgency across Northeast and North Central Nigeria as well as communal clashes and natural disasters affecting parts of the country. The vast majority of IDPs live in host communities, with friends and relatives or in rented/donated houses. DTM data finds over 91% of IDPs living in host communities, while 9% live in camps or camp-like sites. Displaced populations are concentrated around Adamawa’s capital city, Yola.
Boko Haram insurgency often resulted in mass abduction, including of women and girls, indiscriminate killings, sexual violence and slavery. These attacks against civilians intensified in 2014, mostly targeting Borno and Adamawa States. Women and girls remain particularly affected by these attacks and subsequently experience multiple displacements. In addition, the Nigerian cultural traditions carry harmful practices against women and girls, such as female genital mutilation, forced marriage and widowhood practices. Due to entrenched, patriarchal tradition within the society, women and girls also suffer from domestic violence and early marriage. According to the British Council Nigeria 2012 Gender Report, one in three of all women and girls aged 15 – 24 has been a victim of violence. Female adolescents and youth and persons with disabilities are particularly affected by GBV.