Since the eruption of the conflict in South Sudan in December 2013, over 2.3 million people have been displaced by violence and food insecurity, including 726,600 who have fled to neighboring countries and 1.66 million others who remain internally displaced. Nearly 54% of those internally displaced are estimated to be children. Over 6.1 million people across South Sudan require humanitarian assistance, with 185,000 internally displaced people (IDPs) registered for refuge in UN PoC sites, while the remaining 90 percent of IDPs are outside the PoC sites. An entire generation of children is at risk with nearly one in every three schools being destroyed, damaged, occupied or closed, impacting nearly 1 million children’s education. An estimate of 15,000 – 16,000 children are recruited by armed groups; over 10,000 are registered as unaccompanied, separated or missing. Hunger and malnutrition is widespread, with over 686,000 under 5 years are estimated to be acutely malnourished, including more than 231,300 who are severely malnourished. South Sudan has an exceptionally high early pregnancy rate and according to the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA), this is attributable to high rate of child, early and forced marriage. According to the Gender-based Violence Information Management System (GBVIMS), one in four recorded incidents is sexual violence, including rape and One in five IDP women reported to have been raped during the ongoing crisis. Cultural norms in South Sudan discourage reporting of incidences, and as such, combating gender inequality and GBV is extremely difficult. Women and girls’ access to education and other empowerment opportunities are little to none, contributing to their increased risks of exposure to sexual violence. Even if sheltered inside PoC sites, women and girls’ protection concerns do not end; they face risks of violence on a daily basis, living in fear of constant attack from men from within and outside the camp who act in an environment of impunity.
This report outlines findings from an endline study conducted in September 2017, to explore what change, if any, had occurred in how women and girls participate in the camp life and camp governance and how they relate to their perceptions of safety, as a result of these pilot strategies. At the time of the endline study, Bentiu PoC site hosted 115,020 IDPs (20,067 households), of whom females made up 50 percent and children under 5 made up 38 percent of the total population.
This baseline report outlines key findings from the assessment conducted in Bentiu Protection of Civilian site (PoC) in Unity State, South Sudan by IOM, collected between June 27 and July 15, 2016. The assessment set out to map existing governance structures in Bentiu PoC and learn how displaced men, women, and various at-risk groups, including adolescent girls and women and girls with disabilities, currently participate in camp life and camp decision making processes.