The Social ecological model is referred from the Washington Coalition of Sexual Assault Programs (WCSAP).
In sexual violence prevention work, a model of behavior change is the social-ecological model.
The social-ecological model is used because sexual violence is complex. People perpetrate sexual assault for a wide variety of reasons and as a result of many different influences on their lives. The social-ecological model provides a framework for understanding those different influences and their relationship to one another.
WRC & IRC (2015) “I see that it is possible”: Building capacity for disability inclusion in gender-based violence programming.
Gender-based violence (GBV) is a widely recognized human rights and public health concern, affecting at least one in three women globally. GBV may become even more pervasive in crisis situations, where social, community and institutional protection mechanisms are often weakened or destroyed. Men and boys are also vulnerable to violence during conflict and displacement, particularly sexual violence, though to a lesser extent than women and girls.
Inter-Agency Standing Committee. 2015. Guidelines for Integrating Gender-Based Violence Interventions in Humanitarian Action: Reducing risk, promoting resilience and aiding recovery.
The purpose of these Guidelines is to assist humanitarian actors and communities affected by armed conflict, natural disasters and other humanitarian emergencies to coordinate, plan, implement, monitor and evaluate essential actions for the prevention and mitigation of gender-based violence (GBV) across all sectors of humanitarian response.
Applicable to both IDP and refugee scenarios, the Toolkit incorporates a wide range of relevant information on managing displaced populations living in communal settings (collective centres, spontaneous sites, established camps, etc.). Large scale displacements caused by recent conflict and natural disaster events have created a high demand for the Toolkit, which has proven an invaluable resource for field practitioners, government actors and displaced populations since its original release in 2004.
Digital version of chapters, tools and references are available in-